Connect with us

Strains

AK-47 Weed Strain Review

Strain highlights Created in 1992 by Serious seeds, AK-47 is a world Cannabis Cup winner – taking home the gold for its high THC content. Being a Sativa dominant hybrid, AK-47 produces generous buds that are covered in a blanket of frost. Don’t let its violent name fool you; the effects of AK-47 prove just …

The post AK-47 Weed Strain Review appeared first on The Weed Blog.

Published

on

Strain highlights

Created in 1992 by Serious seeds, AK-47 is a world Cannabis Cup winner – taking home the gold for its high THC content. Being a Sativa dominant hybrid, AK-47 produces generous buds that are covered in a blanket of frost. Don’t let its violent name fool you; the effects of AK-47 prove just the opposite. You will be left with a relaxed and mellow feeling along with being mentally alert, engaged and creative, perfect for chilled social activities. First time users beware! AK-47 packs a punch, smoke too much and you end up in “couch-lock”. For the better part though, you will be left feeling uplifted, peaceful and euphoric so enjoy the ride.

Lineage

Genetically speaking, AK-47 is 65% Sativa and 35% Indica. Originally bread from a Columbian landrace and then crossed with some Thai and Mexican cannabis strains, AK-47 gets her Indica qualities from the Afghani genetic pool.  With earthy and sour aromas, AK-47 has a sweet and floral note that can only be recognised with taste. This hypnotic mixture of skunk, diesel, pepper and citrus leaves you in a cloud of relaxation.

Smell, taste and look 

Let’s start with the bud itself, smell that AK-47 nug. All you smell is a zesty, skunky-like musk that’s peppered with hints of sage, sandalwood, pine and ridden with citrus undertones. The AK-47 aroma is capped with a pungent diesel-like finish. Absolutely delicious!

Tasting AK-47, once you’ve crushed it up, rolled, and are ready to smoke… Be prepared for a strong earth-centric flavour profile as you inhale. The exhale is savoury and displays a more petroleum-based profile. Bear in mind that the taste will differ slightly depending on how the bud was grown, indoors vs. outdoors.

AK-47 Effects

 Many people take advantage of this strain’s relaxing effects, designed by nature to relieve symptoms of anxiety and stress. However, when too much is consumed – AK-47 will leave you with a feeling of paranoia. Outside of the regular dry mouth and eyes, AK-47 is great for day-time and night-time use. Medically speaking, this strain has a proven track record in relieving symptoms of nausea, vomiting and insomnia. AK-47 acts as a mood stabiliser for people that suffer from Bipolar disorder. Overall this weed strain is great for feeling chilled and productive.

Growth and seed information

 AK-47 grows tight buds covered in a crystal coat of resin with very little leaves. It’s an easy to grow plant which makes it one of the most popular strains to grow. Its medium height means that it can produce medium to heavy yields quite quickly. Quality without any compromise means that AK-47 is suitable for both commercial grows and home use.

For those of you that are hoping to fill your garden with this resinous and skunky hybrid, you should know that it’s recommended to set up an indoor environment. Soil or hydroponic setups can work for this style of growing. These are some of the most popular styles of growing weed for both medical and recreational use.  Flowering times for indoor grows average 50-65 days and depending on the conditions, AK-47 has a typical yield of 300-500 grams per square meter. AK-47’s odour can get out of control whilst growing so carbon filters are highly recommended.

Strains that are quite similar to AK-47 are Cream 47, White Russian and Automatic AK-47.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The post AK-47 Weed Strain Review appeared first on The Weed Blog.

Continue Reading

Article

Will Cannabis Tourism Lead The Way To Economic Recovery?

The events of recent months – which, at no risk of ambiguity, will not be discussed here – have created something of a roadblock for nearly every industry that was, just twelve months ago, thriving in the global marketplace. Not least among those indus…

Published

on

The events of recent months – which, at no risk of ambiguity, will not be discussed here – have created something of a roadblock for nearly every industry that was, just twelve months ago, thriving in the global marketplace. Not least among those industries is the world of travel and tourism which, on both a local, national and international level, has ground to a halt for nigh-on twelve months. There are plenty of ideas swirling…

Continue Reading

biden

How marijuana legalization made strides across the US in this election

As an election issue competing against the immediacy of a global pandemic, an economic crisis, and a renegade in the White House, the legalization of marijuana was always likely to be something of a slow burn.

The post How marijuana legalization made strides across the US in this election appeared first on Weed World Magazine.

Published

on

As an election issue competing against the immediacy of a global pandemic, an economic crisis, and a renegade in the White House, the legalization of marijuana was always likely to be something of a slow burn.

Yet as it turned out, voters were more enthused about that than almost any other issue in states where drugs were on the ballot. They delivered a unanimous mandate for recreational marijuana use in Arizona, Montana, New Jersey and South Dakota, and approved its use for medicinal purposes in Mississippi and South Dakota.

With only 15 states still outlawing marijuana in any form, some experts believe the campaign to advance formal policy and promote acceptance of a drug once widely abhorred by the public has reached a tipping point.

It also reflects a repudiation of the harsher elements of America’s decades-long War on Drugs, pioneered by Ronald Reagan in the 1980s, which saw escalating numbers of mostly Black young men arrested or incarcerated for relatively minor offenses such as possession.

“There’s been building momentum towards this,” said Robert Mikos, professor of law at Vanderbilt University and an expert on marijuana law and policy.

“A change in attitudes is what’s driving legalization, and it’s interesting about why people view this drug more positively today than 50 years ago. In part, I think it’s because we’ve come to realize that it’s not as harmful as we once thought it was. People are less worried about it.”

The pace at which states have decriminalized marijuana has been swift, in parallel with shifting public perceptions of the drug and attitudes towards its legalization.

As recently as eight years ago, no state other than California, whose voters approved the Compassionate Use Act to legalize medicinal marijuana in 1996, was tolerant of any form of the drug.

Colorado and Washington state were the first to approve recreational marijuana use in 2012 and since then a steady drum beat of approval of similar state statutes led to last week’s election and the point where 34 states and two territories now approve marijuana for use as a medicine. Fifteen states, two territories plus Washington DC accept its use for recreation.

It effectively mirrors Pew research from September 2019 that found 67% of American adults believed marijuana should be legal, and 32% disagreed. In 1969, Pew found only 12% in favor of legalization and 84% against.

The crossing point at which a majority was in favor for the first time came in the years immediately following 2010, just as pro-marijuana initiatives began appearing on state ballots, even though organizations pushing for legalization had been in existence since the 1970s.

“There’s two different stories here, a difference between the recreational measures and the medical measures,” said Mikos, author of the 2017 book Marijuana Law, Policy and Authority.

“Medical marijuana legalization is oftentimes promoted as a drug that rather than being harmful for some people can actually improve their lives, so it’s a public health story.”

“Whereas with recreational marijuana, that’s where you get the claims about it creating new jobs. The sales pitch is there’s an economic story there. When you need more government tax revenue and you don’t want to raise property taxes or income taxes, one way to do that is to impose sin taxes.”

A New York Times analysis of the issue last week argued that political opposition to legalization measures had not disappeared, but had been driven underground by an acceptance of perceived softer drugs such as marijuana while the use of more dangerous drugs ran rampant.

“The cultural campaigns against pot can’t gain a foothold when opioids today, or crack in the 1980s, seemed so much scarier or more deadly,” Emily Dufton, author of Grass Roots: The Rise and Fall and Rise of Marijuana in America told the newspaper.

Meanwhile, campaigners will have a friend in the White House when president-elect Joe Biden assumes office in January. Biden has committed to decriminalizing cannabis use and expunging prior convictions.

“What’s holding back too many people of color, in finding a good job or starting a business, is a criminal record that follows them every step of the way,” Biden said in July in a speech on racial equality in Wilmington, Delaware.

“Getting caught for smoking marijuana shouldn’t deny you a good-paying job and career, a loan, or ability to rent an apartment.”

The push for federal reform is backed by the Drug Policy Alliance, which released an open letter from more than 100 researchers, academics, clinicians and public health organizations in support of the Marijuana Opportunity Reinvestment and Expungement (MORE) act introduced in Congress last year.

“Although marijuana arrests do not always result in incarceration; police contact, arrests, and drug convictions can carry significant collateral consequences that can place health and wellbeing at risk … ineligibility for social services including public housing, restricted employment opportunities, ineligibility for federal financial aid, and denial of voting rights,” the letter said.

Such an act would face an uncertain future in a Republican-controlled Senate, and Mikos said it might not be the catch-all that campaigners would hope for.

“Alcohol prohibition ended in the 1930s, it took until the 1960s for the last state to lift its own statewide prohibition on sales of alcohol, in Mississippi. And you still have dry counties, we have them here in Tennessee, a lot in Texas, and other states,” he said.

“So even if you legalize it at the federal level that doesn’t necessarily mean it’s going to be legal everywhere.”

Source: The Guardian 

The post How marijuana legalization made strides across the US in this election appeared first on Weed World Magazine.

Continue Reading

Cannabis News

Feeding Humboldt’s Flowers, By Allison Edrington and Kevin Jodrey

This article is part of an ongoing series in collaboration with Kevin Jodrey to give the world a glimpse of the cultivation knowledge incubated in the hills of Humboldt County, California. Jodrey is an internationally respected cultivator and propagator, and he currently runs Ganjier Farms and Wonderland Nursery in Southern Humboldt.

The post Feeding Humboldt’s Flowers, By Allison Edrington and Kevin Jodrey appeared first on Weed World Magazine.

Published

on

How Humboldt’s Sungrown Farmers Handle the Flowering Cycle and Harvest

This article is part of an ongoing series in collaboration with Kevin Jodrey to give the world a glimpse of the cultivation knowledge incubated in the hills of Humboldt County, California. Jodrey is an internationally respected cultivator and propagator, and he currently runs Ganjier Farms and Wonderland Nursery in Southern Humboldt. In this series, we’ve tapped into Jodrey’s experience and that of other experts to reveal the specific techniques and tools that top tier farmers use in the Emerald Triangle.

Part 1 looked at selecting the right genetics in Issue 128, and Part 2 tackled the art of building soil in Issue 129. We covered the best methods of transplanting both indoor and outdoor plants to minimize plant stress in Issue 130, and followed that up in Issue 131 with the best ways Humboldt farmers provide for their plants during the vegetative growth cycle.

Now we’ve reached the stage where farmers begin to see the fruits of their labor (and their mistakes): the flowering cycle.

Pre-flower Prep

In the two weeks leading up to flowering, Humboldt farmers are preparing their plants to create beautiful buds. These steps are important to get right, but a majority of the work (or the damage) has already been done, according to Jodrey. “Your vegetative cycle is where you nail it,” he said. “That’s where you create the reserves and the sink, basically the nutrient sink in the plant, so it can draw from the leaves and the plants the nitrogen and macronutrients that it needs while it’s working on picking up phosphorous. That way, that plant can slowly pull the nitrogen out of the plant as it goes through its flowering cycle, increasing the quality of the flower because the nitrogen is what gives it that minty chlorophyll flavor.”

At Jodrey’s Ganjier Farms in Southern Humboldt, he worked this season with Dia Damon and Spencer Damon of Nomad’s Landing to get the farm ready to flower. They’re award-winning cannabis farmers, and they now specialize in creating natural farming inputs. Dia said the prep for flowering begins “about two weeks before you’re expecting your girls to be in flower, showing popcorn.”

“We like to start doing our Fat Flower tea and boost up the calcium just a little bit,” she said. “That’s when they start to build their flower sets and their structure. Having everything readily available in the soil for the plant to uptake it … That’s the key.”

To protect the integrity of the flowers, especially with California’s approaching testing standards, farmers don’t add much during the flowering cycle. For the last top dressing about two weeks before flowering, Dia said they add gypsum as a “taste booster,” giving the plant what it needs to let the terpenes flourish. Terpenes are sulfur and nitrogen based, so adding gypsum gives the plant the materials it needs to increase terpene production, Dia said. They also add bokashi or IMO 4, like they have all season.

“The native bacteria is IMO 4 taken out to the 4th stage,” she said. “We capture and culture microorganisms on a substrate and that’s IMO 1, then we culture that out to inoculate it with the soil.”

Spencer Damon said pruning is another big step to prepare for flowering, and an easy way to maximize your yield. Prune so the plant can receive as much light and air as possible, and remove all of the sucker branches. At Oaksterdam University in 2010, the Damons were told whatever you remove within first two 2 weeks of flowering, you will not lose a single gram of flower in weight from pruning.

“As a plant grows, the bottom branches are larger and the next size is smaller and smaller and smaller, all the way up to the top,” Spencer Damon said. “When you come across a big branch, a small branch, then a big branch, you want to remove that small branch. That sucker branch shouldn’t be there, kind of like a tomato plant. Those essentially rob from your larger foliage.”

Some farmers take pruning a step further to maximize their flower quality. Sunshine Johnston, the lead grower of Sunboldt Grown who has been farming for decades, said she cuts away about ⅓ of the plant or more when she’s growing for flower production, leaving only “the most vigorous branches.” She doesn’t do this kind of pruning for plants destined for concentration — flower needs to look stunning to move in the regulated market, she said, and thinning the plants heavily means each plant will put all its resources into every bud that is left.

“I basically create the flowering crown, what I’m going to let go to flower, and then I do a sanitary spray,” Johnston said.

That sanitization has a few stages. First, she sprays Trifecta to weaken the bugs. Then she follows that with a Grandevo spray to infect the pests. Anything like russet mites that remain are now weakened and infected, making them prime targets for predators. That’s when Johnston introduces beneficial insects to her Southern Humboldt farm.

The Damons agree that is the ideal time to put out predator bugs at Ganjier Farms. The beneficial bugs need to be out there at least two weeks before flowering, otherwise they won’t be effective, said Spencer Damon. “Once they go into flower, you’re kind of restricted on what you can do. It takes predator bugs a while to kill the pest insects, so you want them to get all of that handled before all of those go into flower.”

Dia Damon said the pest bugs are really attracted to trichomes on cannabis — if pests like russet mites have a chance to take hold of the flowers before the predator bugs can take them out, the result isn’t good. “The pest bugs get behind the trichomes and underneath them, so it makes it difficult for the predator bugs to get in there,” Dia said. Spencer added, “Imagine swimming through a sea of trichomes to get your food. It wouldn’t be easy!”

Trigger Time

In Humboldt, Kevin Jodrey said most plants start to trigger into flowering around the end of July. Growing in the sun means plants are triggered by more than just diminishing light. “It’s also changes in temperature and changes in spectra. As the angle of inclination changes as the season changes, the color of the light of the sun actually changes because it’s refracted.” This gradual change in the refraction of sunlight is different than what indoor plants experience, he said. Most indoor lights replicate only the springtime sun, not the full season of sun spectrum.

“That light is not just energy, but information. It tells the plant there are changes occurring. When the plant starts to sense these changes…at the soil level, it starts to change the exudates formed at the root zone,” Jodrey said. “They start to decrease the bacteria and fungi that generate nitrogen uptake, and start to intensify the bacteria and fungi that generate phosphorous uptake.”

The trigger time for outdoor cannabis is a combination of light hours, temperature and spectrum — these factors are why Jodrey said you cannot assume a cultivar will take the same amount of time to flower outdoors as it does indoors. Plants sorted for outdoor work are far more aggressive in their flowering curves than other strains that flourish under controlled lights, he said. Jodrey used William’s Wonder as an example: A famous indoor strain that needs to be forced to trigger with low light hours. Try to run it outdoors in Humboldt though, and Jodrey said you’ll be harvesting that in December.

Most strains trigger when there’s 13.5-14 hours of daylight, and “you can measure from there forward to finish,” Jodrey said. Plants that need higher light levels need to be placed in a place where they can get that, but he said not all of them do. Girl Scout Cookie actually does well with reduced light at the end of the season. “OG or Sour in the same place would not thrive though,” he said.

After the strain triggers, the plant no longer wants to take nitrogen up in the same way; it wants to take up phosphorous, Jodrey said. “Once we have the plant make this metabolic change, where physiologically it is changing what it is about to become, it no longer focuses on vegetative production. Therefore, basically you are stuck with what you have.”

Support structures

Outdoor cannabis plants are typically heartier than their indoor counterparts, but they also grow more massive buds that weigh branches down and sometimes break them, Jodrey said. Depending on the cultivar selection, creating a structure will save your branches from breaking and the unfortunate loss of your densest buds. Support structures can be done two ways, according to Jodrey:

  • Central stake that plant is attached to and goes through flowering cycle, the plant continues to be tied off at the top. Connect the stakes with a common guidewire, and drape netting over to assist with high wind.
  • If one does a lot of pinching to increase the yield of the plant, these plants require more of a caging method. This means wrapping the plant with a support wire used typically in concrete construction, for 4-to-6-foot plants, and allow the plant to grow through it. If the plant is get big enough, 12-14 feet or higher, two of these cages are used. Cages can be reused at the end of every season. Just remember to clean out the leaves and the material so you only have flowering material exposed to the sun.

Not all plants need support structures, however. Sunshine Johnston said she keeps the plants at Sunboldt Grown smaller, anywhere from 5-7 feet tall. “The point is, besides not needing trellising, I want to be able to cut every part of the plant,” she said. “I don’t want a plant that is out of my reach.”

When to harvest..

Damons

Dia Damon called this “the million dollar question.” The old school method is to wait until the third swell of trichomes are present in the flower to get maximum yield, Dia Damon said. “Now you’re taking it more or less halfway in between.”

Though that is the modern approach to some, the old school way is still preferred at Ganjier Farms, so they have selected cultivars that are up to the task. Why? That extra time in the sun makes a difference. Spencer Damon put it simply: “When the flowers are really pretty, the effect is really short lived.”

That does mean much of the harvest won’t make the Grade A cut. About 20-30 percent of the crop will be sold as top tier flower, and the rest will be processed for extraction, Spencer Damon said. “When you walk into a dispensary, you have 100 different flowers on the shelf. The first thing that gets rid of 97% of the competition is just the aesthetics. Just based on how it looks.”

Dia Damon agreed. “Absolutely. Our flower market now is all crème de la crème. It has to be the best of the very best to be considered in a dispensary.”

On the Sunboldt Grown farm, Johnston said when she harvests depends both on the strain she’s growing and the terpene profile she is seeking. The 5 indicators she uses to harvest are:

  1. Hairs: First it’s 100% white hairs, then those hairs dieback and new, fewer white hairs come up. Those hairs will die back and there will be a third succession, that maybe only includes 15% new hairs.
  2. Color of the plant: “For the color, I’m looking at the overall appearance. When the plant is getting old, when the plant is ripe, it actually doesn’t look its best. You want to harvest it slightly under ripe so you have better color and freshness. Once it starts to get old, the resin turns gold and the color looks old.”
  3. Resin density: Looking for how much it completely covers the leaf. Harvesting for live resin, she said she takes it earlier to capture younger terpenes. For hash production, get it as ripe as possible. “You’re going for resin density. Extended ripening is good.”
  4. Swelling of the bud
  5. Swelling of the calyxes

Sometimes a plant is harvested because of other factors. Jodrey said the weather is a major factor for whether a crop gets pulled early. “We typically get (rain) around September 20 every year in Humboldt, not a problem because it comes in and gives the plants a nice bath,” he said. “If we’ve selected our plants for outdoor cultivation, they will be patho-genetically resistant.”

Cannabis is vulnerable to molds, however, when in the 50-degree-Fahrenheit range and 70% humidity, Jodrey said. If more rain comes after September 20 in Humboldt, farmers risk mold and pathogens if they keep their plants out too long in such conditions, he said.

The other major factor he looks for is trichome coloration. Depending on the kind of cultivar, “I like to pull when I have 15-20% amber trichomes, 30-35% when it finishes ripening,” Jodrey said. Monoterpenes are diminished when taking the trichome past a certain percentage of complete, he added.

Once the flower is harvested in Humboldt, the job isn’t done, but an important milestone for the season has been reached. The farmers have been successful stewards of the plant through an entire season and their plants have given them a phenomenal crop. Pick up the next issue when we wrap up this series on how Humboldt grows with the final stage: Processing after harvest.

Written and Published by By Allison Edrington and Kevin Jodrey In Weed World Magazine Issue 132

The post Feeding Humboldt’s Flowers, By Allison Edrington and Kevin Jodrey appeared first on Weed World Magazine.

Continue Reading

Trending