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How To Calculate THC or CBD Doses For Homemade Edibles Using Whole Flower

Learning how to calculate the amount of THC or CBD in your homemade edibles is important. One question that often comes up when discussing cooking with cannabis and CBD is how to figure out the dose of each portion. Everyone knows someone or has heard about someone who one time ate a brownie/cake/gummy/chocolate bar and … Read more

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Learning how to calculate the amount of THC or CBD in your homemade edibles is important.

One question that often comes up when discussing cooking with cannabis and CBD is how to figure out the dose of each portion.

Everyone knows someone or has heard about someone who one time ate a brownie/cake/gummy/chocolate bar and ended being sooooo high that they went to the hospital or ended up sick for days on end.

No one wants to be that person.

If you don’t put some thought into your cannabis cooking then you may end up being the main person in someone else’s cautionary tale.

If you don’t want to be that person keep reading to find out about making sensibly dosed homemade edibles.

Sensibly dosed seems to have been tossed out the window for many of the recipes I see online. If you look around many of them call for dumping large amounts of cannabis flower directly into the cake batter. I’ve seen recipes calling for 3.5 grams or even a full ounce of flower to be added to a recipe.

Even if you were using an average quality flower to make a recipe with 16 servings of cake/brownies this would easily give you a piece that had anywhere from 32 mg up to 62 mg! For many this is an incredibly high dose. Then they end up eating more than one piece because, let’s face it, who really just eats one brownie?

If you don’t know how much THC or CBD your cannabis or hemp flowers contain then you are taking a chance on having a bad experience if you just toss in some amount that you’ve seen on a website. This is a sure way to get a much higher dose then intended and to regret ever wanting to try a cannabis infused cake or food item again.

To prevent this from happening it’s always best to do a bit of prep work before creating your edible.

Start By Decarbing Your Flower:

Want to make more potent edibles. Learn how to decarb in the oven and why it's a necessary step for edibles. #decarbcannabis #cannabisnursema

If you are planning on putting flower directly into the batter then you will first need to decarb it This is an important step to activate the THC/CBD present in the flower. This is done whether it is cannabis flower or hemp flower.

While food is often baked from 350 to 450 degrees the internal temperature  will not get high enough to decarb the flower added to it. If you are looking for instructions on how to decarb your flower check out this post here.

How Many Servings In Your Edible?

These No Bake Sweet and Salty Energy Bites are a super easy edible to make #edibles #cannabisedible #energybites #CannabisNurseMA

Next you need to know about how many servings your dish or bakery item will make. Check your recipe to see if it says how many it makes and the serving size.

If your recipe says it makes 5 servings 1/2 cup each and you are splitting the recipe between two people then you are going to eat more than one serving. Keep this in mind when calculating your serving dose.

Sometimes I make a recipe without infusing it to see how many pieces I will get. The no bake energy balls showing above came from a recipe that said it made 15 pieces. I only got 12 pieces. This is good to know as I know can figure out how much flower to use so I don’t end up with too much or too little in each one.

What If You Don’t Know The Percent THC Or CBD?

If you don’t know the percentage or THC or CBD in the flower then the following estimates might be helpful:

5% to 10% – low quality cannabis and shake (cannabis stems and bits of broken off flowers)

10% to 15% – average quality home grown cannabis

15% to 25% – high quality home grown and dispensary cannabis

What’s an average cannabis or CBD edible dose?

Dosage amounts are very personal. There are charts online that say users with no tolerance should try up to 5mg per dose. Those who consume or smoke several times a week an average dose is up to 15 mg and those who use daily can tolerate 30 mg or more.

However this is not always the case.

I know regular users who find that 5 mg is more than enough to give them a nice relaxing feeling without leaving them wishing they had never eaten that edible. The best use suggestion for edibles is to start low and go slow. If you don’t know the best dose for you then start with the smallest amount and then wait 1 to 2 hours before eating more. Be smart and you will enjoy your edible without the fear of consuming too much.

CBD is another story as people can tolerate higher amounts to get a relaxing feeling and to help with pain reduction. The best part about CBD is you never have to worry about any psycho active effects. If you are looking to avoid psycho active effects then choose a full spectrum CBD oil or hemp flower.

The average amount of CBD that makes up your perfect dose depends on many factors including weight and personal reaction to CBD. Again it’s better to start low and go slow. You can choose your CBD dose based by one of the following:

Average CBD dose based on weight:

Try 1 to 6 mg per 10 pounds of body weight.

Start low and increase gradually:

Everyone is different and they will react differently to CBD. Start with a 5 to 10 mg dose daily. Wait 3 to 4 hours and then increase the dose by another 5 to 10 mg until you achieve the desired effects. This is your average daily dose. If you know this amount then you can figure out how much to add to your  recipe.

Now…..it’s time to calculate how much flower to use in your recipe.

 

First calculate how much THC/CBD is present per gram of flower:

Start by using the percentage of THC/CBD in your flower in decimal form. 10% would be 0.10, 17% would be 0.17, 23% would be 0.23….you get the idea.

Multiply this by 1,000.

This will give you THC/CBD per gram in milligrams (mg).

Example: your flower has 17% THC/CBC. As a decimal this would be 0.17 multiplied by 1,000 gives you 170 mg.

Next, calculate the dose per serving:

Grams of flower used in the recipe multiplied by THC/CBD per gram (calculated above) equals dose for the entire recipe.

Example: if 1 gram of flower containing 17% THC/CBD was used then the entire recipe would contain 170 mg (1 X 170 mg = 170 mg)

If 3 grams of flower containing 17% THC/CBD was used then the entire recipe contains 510 mg (3 X 170 mg = 510 mg).

Finally calculate how much each piece or serving contains:

Total milligrams per recipes divided by number of servings or pieces.

Example: A cake recipe that makes 12 pieces in which 1 gram of flower containing 17% was used would have about 14 mg per piece (1 X 170 = 170 mg in whole recipes divided by 12 pieces = 14.1 mg)

A cookie recipe that makes 24 cookies in which 3 grams of flower containing 17% was used would have about 21.25 mg per cookie. (3 X 170 = 510 divided by 24 = 21.25 mg).

If the cookie recipe made 42 cookie in which 3 grams of flower containing 17% was used they each would have about 12 mg per cookie  (3 X 170 = 510 divided by 42 = 12.1 mg).

Now you know how to calculate the dose of your edible if you choose to use whole flower in the recipe.

 

How to calculate the dose of your edible when using whole flower. #edible #THCinfused #cbdedible

 

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Disclaimer: This is information is not intended as medical advice. The information in this post is intended for those 21 and older who live in a state or country where medical or recreational use of cannabis is legal. If you plan to use a form of cannabis that intoxicates you please do not operate heavy machinery or drive a car. Please follow all local laws concerning cannabis. This website is informational and cannot diagnose or treat illness or disease. Medical marijuana should be used under the direction of a licensed healthcare provider. This site contains advertisements. If you click a link and make a purchase, CannabisNurseMA.com may receive a commission.

 

 

The post How To Calculate THC or CBD Doses For Homemade Edibles Using Whole Flower appeared first on Cannabis Nurse MA.

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How To Make Cannabis Coconut Oil

Making your own cannabis coconut oil is a great way to consume your cannabis medicine. It produces a versatile oil that can be added to a variety of foods  or even eaten on its own. If you choose a virgin coconut oil it will have that coconut taste/scent that you would imagine it should have. … Read more

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Making your own cannabis coconut oil is a great way to consume your cannabis medicine. It produces a versatile oil that can be added to a variety of foods  or even eaten on its own. If you choose a virgin coconut oil it will have that coconut taste/scent that you would imagine it should have. If you choose a refined coconut oil it will have very little coconut taste/scent. Either form of oil is perfect for creating your own canna oil.

Step by step instructions on how to create your own cannabis coconut oil

 

You can use any part of the cannabis plant to create your canna oil. The most common parts to use are the flowers, kief, or trim. Using the trim to create your canna oil is a great way to use the left over bits so they don’t go to waste.

What To Expect When Using Canna Oil

It takes longer to feel the effects of canna oil when eaten and the effects last longer. This means if you should take too much and begin to feel the effects (sleepy, anxious, high, etc) it will take longer for the effects to wear off. You should always stay low and go slow when using canna oil. Stay low by calculating the dosage in a set amount of oil. Start out taking a low dosage and then assessing how you feel. Go slow by allowing 3 to 4 hours before taking an additional dose.

If you plan on using the canna oil in a recipe it’s better to have made the recipe (with regular oil/butter in place of the canna oil) at least once so you are familiar with the recipe outcome. It will also help you to understand how many servings you are going to get as well as the serving size. This will come in handy when deciding on how much canna oil to include in your recipe.

Supplies Needed:

  • decarbed cannabis (1/4 ounce or more)

  • 2 cups coconut oil (virgin or refined)

  • glass canning jars with lids

  • crockpot

  • cheesecloth

  • strainer or sieve

How To Create Canna Oil In The Crockpot

If you have not decarbed your cannabis you should start there first. An important step in creating the canna oil is to have activate cannabis. If you are unsure how then check out this post for more information. The decarbed cannabis does not need to be finely chopped or grounded. You can coarsely chop it if it is in large pieces. Or you can break up the flowers. You can also used coarsely chopped pieces of trim to create your oil.

How To Decarb Cannabis In The Oven #decarbcannabis #cannabisnursema

 

Use pieces no smaller than this when creating your canna oil. If you have a lot of fine material then the canna oil might need to be strained several times in order to remove all the debris from the finished oil.

Place the decarbed cannabis into a canning jar. Add 2 cups of coconut oil to the jar. Place the canning cover on and turn until just closed. Do not tighten the cover up.

Place the jar in the crockpot and add enough water that it reaches the level of the oil in the jar. You can infuse more than one type of oil at a time as they will all need to cook for about the same length of time.

 

How to make cannabis oil in the crockpot #cannaoil #cannabutter #CBDbutter #cannabisnursema

 

In the picture above the covers have the name of the cannabis type being infused. This is because the oil will be returned to the jar once it is strained. Set your crockpot to high and allow the oil to infuse for 4 to 6 hours.

When the oil is done infusing it will need to be strained to remove the material. Line a sieve or strainer with two layers of cheesecloth. Place the strainer over another jar or bowl. Pour the liquid oil through in order to catch and remove the plant material. Some finer material might make it through but that is fine. You will find that this fine pieces will settle to the bottom of the finished oil.

When it seems like all the oil has been strained through the cheesecloth gather the ends up and begin twisting and squeezing the material in the cheesecloth to wring out the remainder of the oil. The left over plant material can be added to your compost pile or you can throw it out.

Return the strained, finished oil back to the canning jars or into another container that can be sealed. The finished oil can be stored in the refrigerator (it will become hard) or at room temperature (it might be liquid or hard depending upon the actual room temperature).

Three different types of canna oil which have been stored in the refrigerator. #cannaoil #CBDoil #cannabisnursema

 

Your finished oil can be varying shades of green. The final color does not indicate strength. It only indicates how much chlorophyll is in the final product. The oils above are light in color but your oil may come out darker depending upon the strain used. For example, two different strains of CBD oil/butter are shown below. One is darker green than the other. Same type of coconut oil, same length of time in the crock pot. This shows the variation in color you might get in your finished product.

 

How to make canna oil in the crockpot #cannaoil #cannabutter #cannabisnursema

 

Use the canna oil in your recipes. The amount used will depend upon how strong of a dose you want. Check back for recipes and information on dosing.

You might find some of these books helpful with using cannabis as medicine:

 


How to create your own cannabis coconut oil for edibles #cannabutter #cannaoil #cannabisnursema

 

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Disclaimer: This is information is not intended as medical advice. The information in this post is intended for those 21 and older who live in a state or country where medical or recreational use of cannabis is legal. If you plan to use a form of cannabis that intoxicates you please do not operate heavy machinery or drive a car. Please follow all local laws concerning cannabis. This website is informational and cannot diagnose or treat illness or disease. Medical marijuana should be used under the direction of a licensed healthcare provider. This site contains advertisements. If you click a link and make a purchase, CannabisNurseMA.com may receive a commission.

 

 

The post How To Make Cannabis Coconut Oil appeared first on Cannabis Nurse MA.

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Canna butter/oil

How To Decarb Cannabis In The Oven

Before creating an infused cannabis oil you will want to activate some of the cannabinoids present in order to create more potent edibles or topical creams. Raw, dried flowers contains THC-A which requires either heat or long periods of time in order to convert THC-A into the potent THC. While possessing psychoactive properties THC works … Read more

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Before creating an infused cannabis oil you will want to activate some of the cannabinoids present in order to create more potent edibles or topical creams. Raw, dried flowers contains THC-A which requires either heat or long periods of time in order to convert THC-A into the potent THC. While possessing psychoactive properties THC works in combination with CBD and other cannabinoids to help reduce pain, inflammation, anxiety and more.

This process of converting THC-A to THC occurs when cannabis flowers are burned. So if you are smoking or vaping the dried flower this conversion will take place. But what if you are eating the dried flower or you want to infuse it into oil to create topical creams? Since the flower has not been heated the THC-A will remain and there will be little THC present which means that your cannabis medicine is less effective.

Even if you were to add the dried flowers to a food item and cook it in the oven the majority of the THC-A would still remain. The cooking process does not provide the controlled temperature for the right length of time to convert all the THC-A to THC. In order to convert as much THC-A to THC as possible you will need to heat the dried flower before creating your infused oil. This is called decarboxylation.

Decarboxylation is the scientific term for the chemical reaction that removes a carboxyl group (C(=O)OH), replacing it with an atom of hydrogen (H) and releasing carbon dioxide (CO2). The chemical conversion process of THC-A to THC is shown below.


Now why would you need to remove this part of the molecule?

The simplified explanation for this is the shape of the THC-A molecule does not allow it to fit into the receptors on the cells. If the molecule doesn’t fit then it is not able to provide all the benefits that you are looking to get from cannabis. However, once this part of the molecule is removed the converted THC will fit into the receptor sites which allows it to provide many benefits to you. Think of a key with a lock. If the key isn’t the correct shape then it won’t open the lock. THC-A is the wrong size key for the locks on your cells.

Activating your cannabis to create a more potent medicine can easily be accomplished in the oven.

Once you’ve gathered your supplies the following steps below will help you decarb your cannabis. Before beginning you may want to think about the scent that the cannabis creates during this process. If you decarb on a cookie sheet your home will certainly smell like someone has been smoking cannabis. If you want to cut down on the scent I suggest using canning jars. Not only does it make decarbing easy but you can also use the same jars to create canna butter. The jars make it so easy to go from decarb to infusing your favorite oil or butter as soon as the decarb is done.

How To Decarb Cannabis In The Oven

Supplies needed:

  • cannabis flowers/bud

  • glass canning jars with lids or cookie sheet and foil

Start by preheating the oven to 240 °F. Break or coarsely chop the cannabis buds up with a knife. No need to finely grind it. Actually it is better if you don’t finely grind it especially if you plan on infusing oil/butter next. This will make straining your oil much easier. The flowers/bud do not need to be ground in order to decarb them. They also do not need to be ground for oil/butter infusions.

 

How to decarb your cannabis in the oven. Start by chopping your cannabis #decarbcannabis #cannabisnursema

Before, 3.5 grams of high CDB cannabis.

how to decarb cannabis in the oven. #decarbcannabis #cannabisnursema

Coarsely chopped cannabis ready for the oven. You can actually chop it into bigger pieces than what is shown above. When I began to chop the flowers broke easier than I expected and created a lot of smaller pieces.

If you are looking to decrease the smell of cannabis while you decarb then you will need one or more glass canning jars. Place the chopped cannabis into a glass canning jars and loosely put the cover on. You can give the covers a turn or two but don’t tighten the lids. Place the jars on a cookie sheet and place in the oven.

If you aren’t using canning jars then simply place your chopped cannabis on a cookie sheet. Place the cookie sheet in the oven.

How to decarb cannabis. Use glass canning jars to reduce the smell during decarb. #decarbcannabi #cannabisnursema

Cook at 240°F for 25 minutes. Then take a look at the cannabis. It should be turning from green/dull green to a light brown/dull brown color. The cannabis should be dry. If the color hasn’t changed then let it bake for another 5 minutes and check the color again. Keep a close eye on the cannabis so it doesn’t burn.

How to decarb cannabis. Use canning jars to reduce the smell. #decarbcannabis #cannabisnursema

You can see from the picture above that the cannabis has gone from a dull green to a dull brown color. Allow the cooked cannabis to cool if grinding finely to add directly to food. If creating an infused oil or canna butter then you can take the next steps needed to create an infused oil.

You can decarb other cannabis items so they can be used in edibles.

How To Decarb Kief

Kief is the resinous, sticky crystals that are found on the cannabis buds. The crystals are the resin glands that are formed on the cannabis flowers. See the small drops that appear to be at the ends of hairs on the cannabis flower? That is the kief.

How to decarb kief. Check out these step by step directions. #decarbkief #medicalcannabis #cannabisnursema

When the flowers are dry and you chop or grind them it will knock the kief off. If you are using a three piece grinder then you will find the powdery kief falls through the screen and collects in the bottom of the grinder. Kief can be used in edibles but it must be decarbed like the flowers.

The directions for decarbing kief is similar to the flowers. Preheat your oven to 240°F.

Line a cookie sheet with parchment paper or some foil.

Place the kief on the parchment/foil and bake in the oven for about 20 minutes. Once it is done remove, cool and it’s ready to use.

Once you have your decarbed cannabis you are ready to use it in edibles or create canna butter or infused cannabis oil. Check out these posts for more information on creating an infused oil as well as some recipes to use it in.

 

Want to make more potent edibles. Learn how to decarb in the oven and why it's a necessary step for edibles. #decarbcannabis #cannabisnursema

Want to make more potent edibles. Learn how to decarb in the oven and why it's a necessary step for edibles. #decarbcannabis #cannabisnursema

 

Subscribe to our mailing list to get updates on our latest posts, information on CBD and cannabis, edibles recipes and more. Subscribe below:




 
Disclaimer: This is information is not intended as medical advice. The information in this post is intended for those 21 and older who live in a state or country where medical or recreational use of cannabis is legal. If you plan to use a form of cannabis that intoxicates you please do not operate heavy machinery or drive a car. Please follow all local laws concerning cannabis. This website is informational and cannot diagnose or treat illness or disease. Medical marijuana should be used under the direction of a licensed healthcare provider. This site contains advertisements. If you click a link and make a purchase, CannabisNurseMA.com may receive a commission.

 

 

The post How To Decarb Cannabis In The Oven appeared first on Cannabis Nurse MA.

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