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History of marijuana strains

The Origins of GG4 – RIP Joesy Whales

Upon the sad news of Joesy Whales’ death recently, we’ve decided to pay homage to the man and his greatest creation, GG4 in this article where we examine the origins of this modern megalith of the cannabis world.

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This week began with the sad news that GG4 co-creator Joesy Whales aka Don Peabody, had died. He passed away in Las Vegas on May 6th at the age of 69 years old, doing what he loved most, and is survived by his wife, Angela, and their two children. We’d like to take this opportunity to pay our respects and pass on our deepest condolences to his family and at the same time, tell you a little about his enormous impact on cannabis culture.

Joesy Whales (r) with Lone Watty, his partner in GG Strains

Joesy Whales (r) with Lone Watty, his business partner (Credit: GG Strains)

Over the last few years, Joesy and Lone Watty, under the banner of GG Strains, had been working to provide licensed, verified versions of their genetics for producers and dispensaries in legal states. These varieties were not only restricted to Original Glue, Sister Glue, and New Glue but also included some new hybrids, such as Purple Glue (Las Vegas Purple Kush x GG4) and GlueChee (Cheese x GG4). Several collaborations with other breeders had also been started, so with a bit of luck, some of these will come to fruition soon. In a statement, Catherine Franklin, Operations Manager at GG Strains has announced that they “plan to honour its founders’ legacies through the company’s cultivars and ongoing collaborations with breeders”.

GG4 aka Original Glue aka Gorilla Glue #4

This is a plant that should need no introduction, and even if you’ve never smoked it or grown it, you’re bound to have heard people talk about it, even if it’s only in the rhymes of your favourite rapper! Famous for its resin-caked flowers and potent effect, testing as high as 30% THC in laboratory analysis! It’s a stretchy Sativa/Indica hybrid with a distinctive and delicious blend of chocolate, coffee, pine and lemon citrus aromas and flavours. The medicinal effects are profound, offering physical relief from pain whilst fighting anxiety. Indeed, after Joesy Whales underwent open-heart surgery, GG4 was the only variety that could calm the anxiety he was suffering and to cope, he would eat a chunk of GG4 hash which gave him relief from anxiety for as long as a week!

GG4 – Ideal for extractors and breeders

The incredible resin production and distinctive terpene profile of GG4 have led it to become a staple variety for hash makers all across the world, giving exceptional returns in all methods of extraction, from the solvent-less techniques of Rosin or Ice Water Hash to CO2 and hydrocarbon extractions like BHO. This characteristic of phenomenal trichome production and the readiness with which it is passed on to its offspring has meant that plenty of cannabis breeders and seed companies have incorporated GG4 into their genetic library in the form of many exciting hybrids. So, despite there being no official GG Strains available here in Europe, we’re still able to enjoy the outstanding qualities that this amazing plant offers. Currently, our seed catalogue contains around 50 varieties with GG4 genetics, from imaginative hybrids such as R-Kiem’s Sublimator (Sour Banana x GG4) and Early Gorilla by Philosopher Seeds (GG4 x Early Maroc) to multiple S1 reproductions and plenty of auto-flowering versions to choose from too! These days there’s no excuse not to have a Gorilla in your grow room!

Some high-quality GG4 bubble hash

High-quality GG4 bubble hash (Credit: @northbeachnatural)

The Origins of GG4

The GG4 story begins in 2009 when Joesy decided to take up growing and smoking again after a long hiatus due to working for 20 years as a crane operator, a job which meant he had to pass regular drug tests. As a first step, he joined the ICMag online cannabis forum (International Cannagraphic Magazine, where he went by the name Grizz) and started to make friends. At that time it was difficult to find good genetics, and nobody seemed willing to share their prize cuts. An exception to this were two growers and breeders he met on the forums: Greyskull and Zoolander, who offered some of their elite clones to Grizz. As a result, the three of them met up in a parking lot in Barstow, California to hand over the plants, which were a cut of Sour Dubb (Sour Diesel x Sour Bubble), and what they thought at the time was a clone of Chem D (but was actually mislabelled and turned out to be Chem’s Sister). At some point around the same period, Joesy also acquired a clone of Chocolate Diesel (Sour Diesel x Chocolate Trip) from another source. These three plants became the backbone of his indoor growing operation.

Accidental pollination

Sometime after this, Joesy was running a 1-gallon pot stadium grow with the cuts of Chocolate Diesel, Sour Dubb and Chem’s Sister alongside some hybrids of Chem’s Sister x Sour Dubb. These last hybrids came from seeds made by Russ Johnson, aka Lone Watty, his partner in GG Strains who tragically passed away just under a year before Joesy at the age of 61. After a security scare caused by an unexpected and unrelated visit from the police, Joesy was obliged to dismantle his entire garden, around 80 plants in total, and move the whole setup to a friend’s house before the next day. After a week or so of waiting, he felt that the coast was clear again, so he retrieved the plants and set up the grow once more. However, the stress of moving house twice in the course of just a few days led the Chem’s Sis x Sour Dubb plants to “hermie”, i.e. it displayed intersex traits and produced male flowers, pollinating the entire room in the process. Joesy wasn’t at all happy and ended up giving most of the weed away, but, luckily, his friend Marlin aka Mardogg kept some of the resulting seeds, just in case.

Resin production is simply astounding

Resin production is simply astounding

Popping the seed that changed it all

Around a year and a half later, Joesy and Mardogg set up a grow together and, with some trepidation, started a few of the saved seeds that came from the Chocolate Diesel, ever vigilant for hermaphrodite traits, given the provenance of the seeds. From these 5 or 6 seeds, they ended up with 4 females, one of which was a runt almost identical to Sour Dubb and was later rejected. The three remaining plants were GG1 aka Sister Glue, GG2 and GG4 aka Original Glue (As you probably know, the hybrid was originally named Gorilla Glue because of the way the sticky trichomes glued up the scissors while trimming, but in 2017 that name was discontinued after legal action from the manufacturers of the Gorilla Glue brand of adhesives.). GG1 remains very closely guarded by the GG Strains team and very, very few growers indeed have been trusted with it thus far. GG1 has, however, been crossed with GG4 to produce GG5 aka New Glue. GG2 was given to a Michigan grower to look after but was unfortunately lost at some point, so very little is known about it now.

Sharing is caring

Once it became clear to Joesy and crew that they had a truly special plant in their hands, the GG4 cut was generously shared with fellow growers via IC Mag, on the condition that it was always to be given for free, by word of mouth, to deserving growers. Joesy wanted to show the same spirit of generosity as Greyskull and Zoolander had done with him, so he shared it with their circle of growers in California first. Over the following years, the clone gained a stellar reputation, not only among those growers lucky enough to have a clone but also among cannabis connoisseurs and hash makers alike. This reputation was cemented in 2014 when GG4 won 1st place at the High Times Cup in both Michigan and Los Angeles, to the great surprise of Joesy and Lone Watty. They didn’t know it at the time, but these would be just the first of many, many more trophies to follow over the coming years.

Unfortunately, it also didn’t take long for the cut to fall foul of industry greed, and despite Joesy’s intention that it should always be freely given, unscrupulous growers and dispensaries began selling GG4 clones in huge numbers, sometimes demanding outrageous sums for this highly sought-after clone and often distributing fake cuts too, something that upset him greatly. Described by those who knew him as a really nice guy, a grumpy old breeder and a truly humble character, tales of Joesy’s generosity abound in the cannabis community, where he will be sorely missed. At the same time, he achieves a kind of immortality, with his work living on in ganja gardens all over the world, bringing joy to countless growers and smokers.

RIP Joesy, thank you for everything you did and for sharing this wonderful plant with the world. We’re going to smoke a fat joint of GG4 right now as a tribute to your life. Here’s to you!

The post The Origins of GG4 – RIP Joesy Whales appeared first on Alchimia blog.

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History of marijuana strains

Zamal, a legendary cannabis strain from Reunion

Zamal is one of the many names used to refer to cannabis or marijuana in some places. In this article, we explore this 100% pure Sativa strain from Reunion, a volcanic island situated on the south-east of the African continent, east of Madagascar.

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Zamal, cannabis from Reunion Island

Cannabis or marijuana is a plant that currently can be found in all corners of the world. There is clear evidence that the cannabis plant originated in the Eastern/Central Asian regions. Then, it spread to the Middle East, and afterwards, to both the African and American continents.

Over the centuries, through traveling and commercial activities, humanity established cannabis cultivation in areas where it didn’t grow naturally. A perfect example of this expansion is Zamal, the strain that reached Reunion Island and acclimatized to the point of growing spontaneously as a pure landrace for over two centuries.

Mango Zamal buds at the end of the flowering period (Picture: WasabiShot)

Mango Zamal buds at the end of the flowering period (Picture: WasabiShot)

Where does the Reunion Zamal come from?

Reunion Island is located to the east of Madagascar, at approximately 21ºS latitude. The Arabs discovered this island in the 10th century, and in the 17th century, it was occupied by France, who introduced large coffee and sugar crops. Many slaves were sent to Reunion Island to work on these farms, and these are the people who introduced cannabis seeds for cultivation and consumption.

It is accepted that the slaves (where the name Zamal comes from) from Africa and India brought to Reunion Island different varieties of Zamal, traditionally used with spiritual, but also medicinal purposes, to alleviate pain, anxiety, and fatigue.

Natural selection, based on the survival of the lines and phenotypes better adapted to the climate of the island, gave rise to different types of strains, all of them with a distinct Sativa nature. The island’s climate and photoperiod, propitious for all year round flowering, favoured Sativa plants the most, which developed vigorously despite the short days and were very resistant to humidity, with a flower structure much fluffier and airier than that of Indica strains.

Zamal in Reunion (Picture: jo974, Cannaweed)

Zamal in Reunion (Picture: jo974, Cannaweed)

Zamal’s different genetic lines

Depending on the area, we can find different genetic lines that evolved according to factors such as their origins, the microclimate they adapted to, and the other cannabis lineages they were crossed with (or not), via the wind, animals, and even growers that could have taken the pollen (or the seeds) from one area to another. These different types of Zamal are designated by the term Kality, which indicates the species and/or quality of the harvest (ripe, with seeds, etc.).

Zamal Mangu’ Carot

Zamal Mango Carrot is one of the most famous strains, and it’s characterized by a fruity terpene profile that combines notes of mango and carrot, and sometimes grows near mango trees. This strain is typically Sativa, very tall and with a long flowering time.

Zamal Kalité Poiw

This Zamal line offers a spicy aroma. Native to the Cirque of Mafate, Kality Poiw is also known in some circles as Peppermint Mallow, due to its purple tones and black pepper notes so characteristic of this strain.

Zamal Fil Rouge

Zamal Fil Rouge is mostly present in the Cirque de Salazie, but it’s also found in Mafate. As the name suggests, this strain develops red pistils during flowering.

Le sec au pied (dried while standing)

This is a very different Sativa lineage of the Zamal, whose alleged origin would be Afghanistan or North Africa. Very resinous, this weed induces intense effects, mainly because it’s generally harvested after drying it (hence the name).

Other strains names are Une Taff and Le Grain… They do not refer to the plant genetic traits, but the quality of the flowers: Une Taff owes this name to its devastating power, while Le Grain is a pollinated plant that, therefore, contains many seeds.

Zamal outdoor cultivation (Picture: Donald Mallard in IC Mag)

Zamal outdoor cultivation (Picture: Donald Mallard, IC Mag)

Growing traits of Zamal

Outdoor cultivation of Zamal

In its natural environment, Zamal weed grows throughout the year with a flowering photoperiod, making up for the lack of a vegetative phase with vigorous growth and a blooming period of several months. When this strain receives plenty of light, water and nutrients, it develops large plants of great dimensions and several meters tall.

Harvesting the mature buds directly from the Zamal without cutting the plant, is a common practice in Reunion Island. This way, the plant will continue to grow and flower, providing numerous harvests for several years.

In Europe, Zamal’s outdoor cultivation can be a little bit more complex, as it needs 3 to 4 months of flowering in order to mature; but these plants have a good resistance that allows them to go through the final phase without a problem.

Zamal cultivated in Europe (Photo: @Wasabikush)

Zamal cultivated in Europe (Photo: WasabiShot)

Indoor cultivation of Zamal

In an indoor grow, the grower must control the size of the plants by pruning, folding, using the SCROG or LST methods, and even cultivating them with a 12/12 light cycle from the very beginning in order to limit their height.

Indoor cultivation of Zamal Mang Karot by JGL

Zamal Mangu Karot grown indoors by JGL

Today’s cannabis market offers different strains of Zamal weed in the form of seeds, from 100% Sativa varieties, such as Zamaldelica by Ace Seeds, Double Zamal by Underground Seeds, and Mango Pepper and Mangu Karot by French Touch Seeds, but also hybrids that are easy to grow thanks to their reduced flowering time and vegetative vigour, like Zamalmystik by the Underground Seeds Collective.

Happy growing!

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